GemstonesFinishingBirthstoneGem galleryJewelry
 

History & Folkare

Optical Properties

Physical Properties

Synthetic Gems

 

Emerald

Emerald is a green colored gemstone. Emerald gets its glossy green color from the presence of chromium and vanadium. The name emerald comes from the Greek 'smaragdos' via the Old French 'esmeralde', and really just means 'green gemstone'. Innumerable fantastic stories have grown up around this magnificent gem. The Incas and Aztecs of South America, where the best emeralds are still found today, regarded the emerald as a holy gemstone. However, probably the oldest known finds were once made near the Red Sea in Egypt. Having said that, these gemstone mines, already exploited by Egyptian pharaohs between 3000 and 1500 B.C. and later referred to as 'Cleopatra's Mines', had already been exhausted by the time they were rediscovered in the early 19th century. Emeralds are rarely flawless and are often oiled to hide the flaws, cracks and enhance color. However, really good quality is fairly rare, with inclusions often marring the evenness of the colour

signs of the turbulent genesis which has characterised this gemstone. Fine inclusions, however, do not by any means diminish the high regard in which it is held. On the contrary: even with inclusions, an emerald in a deep, lively green still has a much higher value than an almost flawless emerald whose colour is paler. Affectionately, and rather poetically, the specialists call the numerous crystal inclusions, cracks or fissures which are typical of this gemstone 'jardin'. They regard the tender little green plants in the emerald garden as features of the identity of a gem which has grown naturally. Emeralds were widely used in historical jewelry, ancient engravings and cameos. Today also emeralds are used in modern jewelry. Emerald is mainly found in Sri Lanka, Egypt, Brazil, South Africa, Norway and Zimbabwe.

Natural Gemstones

 

 


 

   
The Rainforest Site
Custom Search

Home Finishing Birthstones Gallery Jewelry Contact us