Many of the names of the various stones of the garnet
family evolve from Geek nomenclature (litho-meaning stone in all of the gems
ending in -lite, such as Rhodolite). This isn't the only relationship that
Ancient Greece has had with relationship with garnet. The pomegranate, in
very close relationship and symbol of garnet, is referenced in Greek myth.
These references have given garnet some of it's legendary characteristics.
The most notable reference where garnet is thought to be symbolized by a
pomegranate, involves Hades and Persephone. It is as follows: After Hades
had abducted Persephone and taken her down into the underworld, Zeus
on the behalf
Demeter, commanded him to release her. Zeus sent Hermes to ensure the safety
of Persephone's passage. Hermes found Persephone seated next to Hades. Upon
the sight of Hermes, Persephone was elated to be released from underworld.
Hades knew he must head the command of his brother and had no choice but to
let her go. Hades was eager to ensure her return. Before leaving, Hades
gave, as a gift to Persephone, a pomegranate. She willingly accepted it and
Hades knew that once she experienced the sweetness of the ripened seeds that
she would return to him. In fact Persephone did return to Hades for three
months of every year forever. Persephone's return caused the winter to
arrive for the three month for which she remained with Hades. The
pomegranate (and garnet) is associated with eternity in many Greek Myths.
Many have associated the gift of the pomegranate seeds with the gift of fine
garnet gems. It's meaning has given symbolism to garnet as a gift of love's
attraction, a gift of quick return or as a gift of estranged love. This
myth gave partial rise to the belief that garnet is a stone for loved ones
who travel and a crystal that can heal the broken bonds between lovers.